For those of you unfamiliar with development in London over the past 10 years, there have been dozens of glass, peculiarly-shaped skyscrapers built, and well over 140 more proposed. It has changed the face of the city and is causing concern among residents, as these buildings are in stark comparison to their existing context, and these buildings do not even serve the residents of London- they are largely speculative housing towers, high-priced 2nd homes for visitors. Prince Charles has been a leader in forwarding traditional, sustainable building since the 1980's. He speaks here about the kind of things people yearn for, and that are largely not being built in that city. It is a lesson for even the smallest development here in the US, about what makes a place livable.
A speech by HRH The Prince of Wales at The Evening Standard's Progress 1000 Awards Published Sept 7, 2016
Ladies and gentlemen, I am most touched and, indeed, surprised, that the Evening Standard should have decided to give me the award of Londoner of the Decade. I have to confess I am not entirely sure whether to be pleased or alarmed. Perhaps I am losing my touch when such eminent newspapers start giving me achievement awards! So I set to wondering what this achievement might have been?
As I suppose I have spent most of my life trying to propose and initiate things that very few people could see the point of or, frankly, thought were plain bonkers at the time, perhaps some of them are now beginning to recognize a spot of pioneering in all this apparent madness? All forms of pioneering have moments that make you hold your breath and cross your fingers. There is a good chance it could all go horribly wrong and there’s a fine line between the success of a good, original idea and a complete disaster. If it fails, it fails, but at least you had a go – and I could always say one of my plants told me to do it! Starting my Duchy Originals food company twenty-five years ago was a case in point. When we launched the first organic oat biscuit there were tabloid headlines saying “A shop-soiled Royal.” People now tend to understand the point of, and enjoy, the organic food they once thought of as bonkers twenty-five years ago – and, through Duchy Originals, I have so far given away more than £14 million to charitable causes.
In 1976, I set up The Prince’s Trust amidst social unrest and high levels of youth unemployment, and in 1983 we launched a business start-up plan. Again, people thought I’d gone mad – more mad! – to try and give grants to ex-offenders and other disadvantaged young people. But, since then, The Prince’s Trust has supported over 825,000 of those vulnerable and disadvantaged young people to overcome their challenges, move into education or work or their own enterprises – thereby saving the public purse £1.4 billion in the process. In London itself, I am incredibly proud of the team which, last year alone, helped some 5,000 young people to defeat unimaginable personal odds by offering them training or helping them start their own businesses or learn new skills.
These are all characters who other people had for some reason simply written off as unlikely to amount to anything. Well, I remain absolutely adamant that everyone can amount to something provided they are given help building vital personal traits such as self-confidence and self-esteem.
When it comes to pioneering, I would very much like to thank the Standard for recognizing the work of my Foundation for Building Community. I am afraid the headlines of some publications have not always reflected what I actually think – and what I actually say – about the way we plan and design urban environments. In fact, what I think is pretty straightforward. The point is simply this, that I believe it pays enormous social and environmental dividends if you go to the trouble of involving local people, with the right professional facilitators, in the design of the places where they live.
This is precisely what my Foundation has been doing, so far involving around 8,000 people in the design of over one hundred projects. It has also trained a generation of architects, master-planners and “placemakers” and worked on a huge array of projects that range in scale from new towns and university campuses to individual buildings like the recently opened Alder Hey Children’s Hospital – many of these projects, by the way, create hundreds if not thousands of jobs in the process.
Understanding what people would prefer to live amongst; caring as much about the public spaces as the private ones; creating human-scale places where there are no “zones” is a critical component in a very urgent issue. By 2050, London’s population is set to balloon from 8.5 million to as many as 11 million, but we do have to think now about how best we manage that growth – not only how we house many more people, but how we design urban environments that enable communities to thrive. Hence, my Foundation’s emphasis on building mid-rise mansion blocks – and on rediscovering the timeless value of squares and terraces.
The most successful Communities mix the private with affordable housing; enclose green spaces within squares and communal gardens; provide good quality housing integrated with walkable, mixed-use neighbourhoods; good public transport and an identity that fosters pride and a sense of belonging. It is these qualities, ladies and gentlemen, which attract so many people to London and, time and again, this is the sort of development that various surveys reveal is what many people would prefer to see. A recent Ipsos MORI poll revealed that around sixty per cent of Londoners surveyed think that the trend towards skyscrapers has gone too far.
Ladies and gentlemen, on that note, I am enormously grateful to Sarah Sands and her team at the Evening Standard, for your kindness - perhaps rashness - in recognizing some of my seemingly rather rash, pioneering efforts from all those years ago.